Artificial Intelligence and its Task Domains


What is Artificial Intelligence? List the task domains of Artificial Intelligence (AI)


Artificial Intelligence is “the study of how to make computers do things, which, at the moment, people do better”.

According to the father of Artificial Intelligence, John McCarthy, it is “The science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs”.

Artificial Intelligence is a “way of making a computer, a computer-controlled robot, or software think intelligently, in the similar manner the intelligent humans think”.

Task Domains of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence tasks are divided into three groups, Mundane Tasks, Formal Tasks and Expert Tasks.

Mundane Tasks:

  • Perception
  • Vision
  • Speech
  • Natural Languages
  • Understanding
  • Generation
  • Translation
  • Common sense reasoning
  • Robot Control

Formal Tasks

  • Games: chess, checkers, etc
  • Mathematics: Geometry, logic, Proving properties of programs

Expert Tasks:

  • Engineering ( Design, Fault finding, Manufacturing planning)
  • Scientific Analysis
  • Medical Diagnosis
  • Financial Analysis

Importance of Why Artificial Intelligence

It has gained prominence recently due, in part, to big data, or the increase in speed, size, and variety of data businesses are now collecting. AI can perform tasks such as identifying patterns in the data more efficiently than humans, enabling businesses to gain more insight out of their data.

From a business perspective, AI is a set of very powerful tools and methodologies for using those tools to solve business problems.

From a programming perspective, AI includes the study of symbolic programming, problem-solving, and search.


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